Environmental impacts: Water pollution

Chiapelli, J. & Chiapelli, T. 2008

‘Drinking grandma: the problem of embalming’, Journal of Environmental Health, 71, 24-28.

Dent, B. & Knight, M. 1998

‘Cemeteries: a special kind of landfill. The context of their sustainable management’, Conference of the International Association of Hydrogeologists, Melbourne, 451-456.

Dippenaar, M. 2014

‘Towards a multi-faceted Vadose Zone Assessment Protocol: cemetery guidelines and application to a burial site located near a seasonal wetland (Pretoria, South Africa)’, Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment 73:4, 1105-1115.

Flores Gómez, G., Crisanto-Perrazo, T., Toulkeridis, T. & 6 others 2022

‘Proposal of an initial environmental management and land use for critical cemeteries in Central Ecuador’, Sustainability 14:3, 1577.

Gonçalves, V., Albuquerque, A., Carvalho, P. & 2 others 2023

‘Groundwater vulnerability assessment to cemeteries pollution through GIS-Based DRASTIC index’, Water, 15:4, 812.

Idehen, O. 2019

‘The impact of typical cemetery on groundwater using both geophysical techniques and physicochemical analyses of water in South-South, Nigeria’, International Journal of Applied Science, 2:2, 12-21.

Jonker, C. & Olivier, J. 2012

‘Mineral contamination from cemetery soils: case study of Zandfontein Cemetery, South Africa’, International Journal Environmental Research and Public Health, 9, 511-520.

Kim, K., Hall, M., Hart, A. & Pollard, S. 2008

‘A survey of green burial sites in England and Wales and an assessment of the feasibility of a groundwater vulnerability tool’, Environmental Technology, 29: 1-12.

Konefes, J. & McGee, M. 1992

‘Old cemeteries, arsenic and health safety’, Cultural Resource Management, 19-10, 15-18.

Lee, K-H., Huang, C., Chuang, S. & 3 others 2018

‘Do cemeteries emit drugs? A case study from southern Germany’, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25:6, 5393-400.

Nguyen, T. & Nguyen, L. 2018

‘Groundwater pollution by longstanding cemetery and solutions for urban cemetery planning in Ho Chi Minh City – from reality to solutions’, MATEC Web of Conferences, 193, 02008.

Oliveira, B., Quinteiro, P., Caetano, C. & 4 others 2012

‘Burial grounds’ impact on groundwater and public health’, Water and Environment Journal, 27, 99-106.

Pacheco, A., Mendes, J., Martins, T. & 2 others 1991

‘Cemeteries – a potential risk to groundwater’, Water Science Technology, 24, 97–104.

Spongberg, A. & Becks, P. 2000

‘Inorganic soil contamination from cemetery leachate’, Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 117:1-4, 313-327.

Spongbert, A. & Becks, P. 2000

‘Organic contamination in soils associated with cemeteries’, Journal of Soil Contamination, 9:2, 87-99.

Vélez, S., Monsalve, T., Quiroz, M. & 4 others 2019

‘The study of necrocols and cemetery soils’, Dyna, 86:211, 337-345.

Zychowski, J. 2015

‘Impact of cemeteries on groundwater contamination by bacteria and viruses – a review’, Journal of Water and Health, 13:2, 285-301.

Zychowski, J. 2005

‘Influence of a mass grave on the content of selected bacteria and compounds organic in ground water’, Przegląd Geologiczny, 53:11, 1079.

Żychowski, J. & Bryndal, T. 2015

‘Impact of cemeteries on groundwater contamination by bacteria and viruses – a review’, Journal of Water Health, 13:2, 285-301.


The Cemetery Research Group runs two events a year: in May and in November. Follow the links and send in an abstract