Memorials: Identity

Dawdy, S. 2013

‘Archaeology of modern American death: grave goods and blithe mementos’, in P. Graves-Brown, R. Harrison & A. Piccini (eds) The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World, Oxford: Oxford Handbooks Online.

Elliott, B. 2011

‘Proclaiming respectability across the colour line: headstones of free Blacks in St Peter’s churchyard, St George’s, Bermuda,’ Post-Medieval Archaeology 45:1, 197-211.

Garman, J. 1994

‘Viewing the color line through the material culture of death’, Historical Archaeology, 28: 3, 74-93.

Hickman, D. 2001

‘Wise and religious epitaphs: funerary inscriptions as evidence for religious change in Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire, c1500-1640’, Midlands History, 26, 107-127.

Krüger-Kahloula, A. 1989

‘Tributes in stone and lapidary lapses: commemorating black people in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century America’, Markers 6, 32–100.

Mayer Gradwohl, D. 2004

‘Judah Monis’s puzzling gravestone as a reflection of his enigmatic identity’, Markers 21, 66-97.

Mytum, H. 1994

‘Language as symbol in churchyard monuments: the use of Welsh in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Pembrokeshire’, World Archaeology, 26:2, 252-267.

Mytum, H. 1993

‘Death and identity: strategies in body disposal and memorial at North Front Cemetery, Gibraltar’, in M. Carver (ed.) In Search of Cult: Archaeological Investigations in Honour of Phillip Rahtz, Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 189-192.

Sayer, D. 2011

‘Death and the Dissenter: group identity and stylistic simplicity as witnessed in nineteenth-century Nonconformist gravestones’, Historical Archaeology, 45: 4, 115-34.

Stanley-Blackwell, L. & Linkletter, M. 2019

‘Inscribing ethnicity: a preliminary analysis of Gaelic headstone inscriptions in Eastern Nova Scotia and Cape Breton’, Genealogy, 2:3, 241-55.

Vajta, K. 2017

‘Gravestones speak – but in which language? Epitaphs as mirrors of language shifts and identities in Alsace’, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 39:2, 137-154.

Vajta, K. 2023

‘Written multilingualism challenging French hegemony in the cemetery’, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 1-19.


The Cemetery Research Group runs two events a year: in May and in November. Follow the links and send in an abstract