The National Association of Cemetery Superintendents (NACS) was founded in 1913 as a professional association to improve British cemetery facilities, benefit bereaved families and advance the training, quality and recruitment of cemetery managers. With the increase in provision of local authority crematoria, the NACS changed its title to the National Association of Cemetery and Crematorium Superintendents in 1932. (Its current title the Institute of Cemetery and Crematorium Management.) Whilst the NACCS was organised regionally as well as nationally, a Scottish branch was not established until 1942. This paper analyses the origins and context of the founding of this branch and explores the issues on which its activities focussed for its first ten years. These included war-time deaths (civilians and Armed Forces), cemetery management, lawn cemeteries, training and recruitment, and the relative merits of burial and cremation. The members were aware of how much the branch invigorated their work in Scotland. The paper assesses the national contribution of Scottish members and how much the Scottish and UK situation had changed by 1952. The paper draws from Leverhulme Trust-funded research at Durham University 2008-2011 on the development of cremation in modern Scotland. Among many library and archive sources, the author is especially grateful to the ICCM archives in the Jill Rodacan Centre, City of London Cemetery, and to the Cremation Society archives at the University of Durham.
Peter Jupp 2016
The National Association of Cemetery Superintendents in Scotland
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